Education in South Sudan ‘cannot wait,’ says new report

The report from the Education Cluster documents the challenges of providing an education in the world’s youngest country.

—After decades of conflict left much of South Sudan illiterate, a new round of fighting has further compromised the young nation’s current education system.

Since the South Sudanese Civil War began in December 2013, one in three schools have been attacked by armed forces or groups, according to a report released this month by Education Cluster, a collaboration of NGOs, United Nations agencies, and academics. At the same time, one in four schools reported to be open in 2013 were found to be non-functional by 2016.

This newest report adds to documentation by the United Nations and human rights advocates of child soldiers, school attacks, and an underfunded and underserved education system in South Sudan. While the Education Cluster and other groups have met with some success intervening in schools and advocating for children, the report highlights the difficulty of providing children with education in the world’s newest country, as well as in conflict zones in general.

It’s not just the children who suffer when their learning is terminated or restricted, say education advocates. An entire country – especially a fledging nation like South Sudan – will pay the price for not educating its children.

“When children don’t have access to education, it makes it that much harder for the country to develop economically,” says Jo Becker, advocacy director of Human Rights Watch’s Children’s Rights Division. “Children have fewer opportunities for decent livelihoods, and for getting decent jobs. The consequences are both for the children themselves, in terms of their inability to get ahead, but there are also consequences for the society not having an educated population than can really help it develop economically.”

Education Cluster’s report, “Education Cannot Wait for the War to End,” is the product of a national assessment it conducted of schools in South Sudan in November 2016.

The cluster found that 31 percent of schools have suffered at least one or more attacks from armed forces or groups, and 25 percent of primary schools open in 2013 were found to be non-functional in late 2016. In addition, 31 percent fewer teachers were also registered at the end of the 2016 school year than at its start.

Food shortages were one of the main reasons students dropped out or stopped attending, reports Education Cluster. The government declared parts of South Sudan had been hit by famine in February, with 100,000 of its people facing starvation, and one million more on the brink of famine, according to BBC.

But the whole crisis, warns the report, threatens another generation of South Sudanese with illiteracy, as nearly 50 percent of the its population are under 18. Because of decades of conflict between what is now South Sudan and its neighbor, Sudan, 73 percent of men and 85 percent of women are illiterate, according to government data from 2011 and 2013.

There has been some progress. Under “education in emergencies and protected crises” intervention, the cluster provides classes for children who can attend in a safe space. After that support, 4.6 percent more South Sudanese students passed end-of-primary exams, compared to the nationwide average pass rate. Egypt, Ethiopia, and neighboring Sudan have also agreed to support South Sudanese students seeking college degrees through programs like scholarships and lowered tuition rates. But these are all temporary solutions to an education system badly hurt by civil war.

The most recent conflict may have left as many as 300,000 people dead, Agence France-Presse has reported, and displaced more than 3.5 million, or more than one-fourth of the population. While the conflict has ravaged the country’s oil-dependent economy, children and schools have also been singled out as targets.

“The fabric of this whole country has been ripped apart by this conflict. Pretty much everyone is affected by this war,” Jehanne Henry, a senior researcher in Human Rights Watch’s Africa Division, tells The Christian Science Monitor in a phone interview on Monday.

Both the United Nations and other groups have found that more than 17,000 children have been used as soldiers. According to Ms. Becker, some of these child soldiers told Human Rights Watch that they took up arms because they were deprived of an education. But schools have also been either the targets of attacks or taken over for barracks, military training, or operation centers.

Another problem that has plagued South Sudan is a lack of qualified teachers, stemming from the previous 22-year conflict between what is now South Sudan and its neighbor, Sudan.

“The teachers of those years either died or they joined the [rebel] movement,” Edward Kokole, director of teacher education in South Sudan’s Education Ministry, previously told the Monitor.

In 2015, only o

What the latest assaults on science education look like

Participants in the March for Science gather at the Washington Monument before marching to the Capitol on Saturday. (Astrid Riecken for The Washington Post)

Each year, anti-science education legislation is introduced in state legislatures around the country — and, in a few cases, has been passed. So what is an anti-science education bill — and how many have been introduced in 2017?

There are essentially two different kinds of anti-science legislation, according to the nonprofit National Center for Science Education.

One involves efforts to repeal the adoption of state science standards or challenge science textbooks. There are also bills that attempt to allow science (and other) teachers to present unscientific criticism of scientific principles as legitimate — usually aimed at affecting classroom discussion on evolution and climate change.

Since 2014, more than 60 such bills have been filed in state legislatures all over the country; two have been enacted, in Louisiana in 2008 and in Tennessee in 2012.

[‘But it’s just a theory!’ — How to teach evolution to a skeptical crowd]

These bills are worded as “academic freedom” bills, but they really are efforts to present foundational science as controversial. For example, evolution is the animating principle of modern biology, but these laws attempt to allow creationism and evolution to be debated in a science classroom as though they had equal scientific basis. There is no scientific basis to creationist thinking.

[It’s about time Bill Nye the Science Guy defends evolution]

So far this year, nine legislative efforts aimed at undermining the teaching of evolution and/or climate change have been introduced in state legislatures:

Texas House Bill 1485, introduced Feb. 2, supposedly offers science teachers the academic freedom to teach “the scientific strengths and scientific weaknesses of existing scientific theories” covered in the state science standards,” including “climate change, biological evolution, the chemical origins of life, and human cloning.” No vote has been scheduled yet.

Oklahoma Senate Bill 393, which was passed by the chamber, encourages teachers to teach “scientific controversies” and protects them if they do. Essentially, this would give teachers the freedom to teach nonscientific principles as equivalent to actual science.

South Dakota Senate Bill 55 died in a state House committee earlier this year after passing the Senate; it would have allowed teachers to essentially teach anything they want as science as long as they used certain language.

Indiana Senate Resolution 17, which targets the teaching of evolution in public schools, passed the state Senate in a 40-to-9 vote in February. It ostensibly urges the state Department of Education “to reinforce support of teachers who choose to teach a diverse curriculum.”

Alabama Senate Joint Resolution 78 passed in committee. Glenn Branch, deputy director of the National Center on Science Education, said if it becomes law that it would “send a strong signal that the state legislature approves of Alabama’s public school teachers presenting supposed alternatives to evolution, to climate change, and to any of the material covered in the newly revised state science standards.” He said it could possibly spark litigation over the science curriculum.

In Florida, two textbook challenges have been making progress in the legislature this year. House Bill 989 passed the Florida House on Friday by a 94-to-25 vote, while the companion Senate Bill 1210 passed the Senate Appropriations Committee, 16 to 0. Both bills give taxpayers the right to object to the use of instructional materials in the public schools, though climate change and evolution are obviously two of the key targets of the legislation.

In Iowa, House File 480, referred to the House Education Committee on March 1, seeks to require teachers in Iowa’s public schools to include “opposing points of view or beliefs” to accompany any instruction relating to evolution, the origins of life, global warming or human cloning.

In Idaho, the House of Representatives voted 56 to 9 on March 24 to adopt Senate Concurrent Resolution 121, which finalizes a decision by lawmakers to delete five standards — which discuss climate change and human impact on the environment — from a proposed new set of state science standards for Idaho. The House Education Committee had voted in February to nix the five standards because they supposed failed to present “both sides of the debate,” and the Senate Education Committee did the same thing shortly after.

[An ‘alternative facts’ South Dakota bill sparks fears for science education in the Trump era]

Back in Oklahoma, SB 393 will soon face a floor vote in the state House. While teaching “scientific controversies” may seem innocuous enough, there is a catch: There is no scientific controversy surrounding the issues this bill is targeting. “Teach the contro

Authorities stop Doc-Morris video pharmacy

Doc Morris has to defend his interests once again in court, Giggs.de gives up because of return quotas, Otto trains e-commerce merchants and Cartier uses Net-a-Porter as an appetizer.

The e-commerce trends of the day can also be delivered to your e-mail account conveniently and free of charge before 8:00 am. Click here for the free online subscription.

– NEWS –

Zalando: The fashion shipper has specified which partner he is looking for for his new platform offensive “Zalando Build”. “The fashion shipper has specified which partners he wants to use for his business New platform offensive “Zalando Build”. They want to create fashion-tech companies that create content, design size advisors, create styles and outfits, work on referral solutions, or offer something else that helps people and fashion combine. “>>> Exciting Commerce

Giggs.de: The online shoe retailer has hailed the business returns. Despite size advisors, the return rate was 60 percent. The consultant did not fail, the customers were simply too lazy to use it. The online shoe retailer has hailed the business returns. Despite size advisors, the return rate was 60 percent. The consultant did not fail, the customers were simply too lazy to use it. New Releases

Otto Group: The Otto subsidiary Baur, Bonprix, Witt and Otto.de are one of the first companies in Germany to offer the training course to the e-commerce merchant in the future. For already trainees from various companies of the Otto Group themselves have combined and structured possible educational content within a project work. >>> by Mail

Windeln.de: The online retailer for baby and toddler products is launching a new brand for textiles with Avani. The vision behind Avani is to produce products from natural materials and to treat workers ethically correctly. >>> by Mail

SirPlus: Raphael Fellmer has made foodsharing a mass movement. With his new start-up SirPlus, he wants to professionalize the “food-saving”. And bring excess food to your home by online store. Raphael Fellmer has made foodsharing a mass movement. With his new start-up SirPlus, he wants to professionalize the “food-saving”. And bring excess food to your home by online store. >>> Encyclopedia

TravelRadar.io: The Reisestartup has started its open beta phase. Users can create a personalized travel price alert for their favorite destinations and book them when that price is reached. The Reisestartup has started its open beta phase. Users can create a personalized travel price alert for their favorite destinations and book them when that price is reached. >>> Press release

Moon: The Mobilcom-Distributors, a subsidiary of Mobilcom-Debitel, encourages connected retailers to simply list their offers on the shopping platform. This is intended to bring local buyers closer to potential online buyers. The mobile operator, a subsidiary of Mobilcom-Debitel, encourages connected retailers to simply list their offers on the shopping platform. This is intended to bring local buyers closer to potential online buyers. >>> Channelpartner.de

– INTERNATIONAL –

Net-a-Porter: The US online boutique for luxury fashion will become the launch pad for Cartier’s new Phanthère watch. Thus Net-a-Porter is to create ambitions on an exclusive pop-up until the clock is then to be bought in Cartier boutiques and other shops. It is Cartier’s first collaboration with any online retailer. The US online boutique for luxury fashion will become the launch pad for Cartier’s new Phanthère watch. Thus Net-a-Porter is to create ambitions on an exclusive pop-up until the clock is then to be bought in Cartier boutiques and other shops. It is Cartier’s first collaboration with any online retailer. >>> WWD.com

Tesco: The UK supermarket chain does not seem to make any big leaps in the online food trade. Since June 2016, Amazonfresh has also made life more difficult. The UK supermarket chain obviously does not make any big leaps in the online food trade. Since June 2016, Amazonfresh has also made life more difficult. >>> Food Newspaper

The Body Shop: The cosmetic brand has launched a mobile first e-commerce platform. The site is part of a ten-million-pound transformation project aimed at increasing the online share of total sales to 20 percent. The cosmetics brand has a Mobi

Use High Hops beers to create delicious dishes

Use High Hops beers to create delicious dishes

Ruth Brunner (Photo: Courtesy photo)

A “growing culture” of plants, fresh-brewed beer and music is evident right here at Windsor’s family-owned High Hops Brewery. A stop at Windsor Gardener allows you to not only pick up your spring gardening supplies, but sip a beer or purchase supplies to b…

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Go-to, sure-fire chicken recipes that deliver big flavor

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Check out new food menu at Kauffman Stadium for the 2017 Royals season

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How to make green chili in an Instant Pot

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How to make Chicken Cordon Bleu

EXPAND Why not celebrate National Chicken Cordon Bleu Day by making the dish? Photo by Yvette Tan (edited)

From classic comfort foods to regional standouts and desserts, we’ll be sharing a new recipe with you each week. Find other dishes of the week here.

This week, in honor of National Cordon Ble…

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A new training project multimedia project at Icadémie Aix-en-Provence

The design school “Open Design School” proposes the training “Multimedia Project Manager”, in a presidential class at its Icadémie in Aix-en-Provence for the 2017 academic year.

The “Multimedia Project Manager” training

The Open Design School is designed to provide students with the knowledge and operational skills necessary to create multimedia interfaces and to develop interactive communication strategies , In compliance with technological standards and constraints.

In one year, students will be trained in the management of multimedia projects to best accompany customers in their digital transformation. They will develop technical skills and analytical and advisory capabilities, both in the design and development of web and mobile interfaces and in the digital strategy (marketing and online communication).

The program ensures an improvement on the web languages and the production tools (DTP software, prototyping, CMS type WordPress or Prestashop). Finally, it allows to feed a user-oriented reflection to create interfaces that are both user-friendly and in line with the needs of Internet users.

At the end of this course, graduates will be able to carry out a multimedia project and work with different providers (developers, UX and UI designers, digital marketing managers, etc.), respecting the standards and constraints imposed By new technologies.

At the end of the training course, the title of “Head of Multimedia Project” of Level II (Bac + 3), registered with the RNCP (National Directory of Professional Certifications) and recognized by the State, is issued to them.

What is the admission procedure?

The training is open to candidates at the Bac + 2/3 level or with significant experience in the fields of web, multimedia, communication, documentation, commerce, marketing, journalism or graphic design.

Admission is on file of work (to be provided) and maintenance of motivation online.

Clutch Recognizes Top Performing Washington DC Web Design Companies

WASHINGTON, April 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ — Today, Clutch highlighted the top Washington DC web design companies. The research report takes into account novel industry data and verified client reviews to rank the top companies in the greater Washington area.

The top Washington DC web design companies are: Taoti Creative, Unleashed Technologies, Mobomo, Interactive Strategies, WDG, Borenstein Group Inc., Viget, Materiell, Segue Technologies, Sutter Group, Blue Water, Bluetext, Mindgrub, Carousel30, and Balance Interactive.

Clutch Recognizes Top Performing Washington DC Web Design Companies

The companies listed in the report were ranked on their ‘ability to deliver,’ part of Clutch’s proprietary research methodology. Factors such as client reviews, market presence, and clientele were examined prior to this report. The companies are mapped out in Clutch’s ‘Leaders Matrix,’ and full profiles and client interviews are published with the research online.

“In today’s day and age, a good website is integral to establishing a company’s brand,” said DJ Fajana, business analyst at Clutch. “These DC web designers have showcased their exceptional ability to deliver responsive, well-crafted, and unique websites for their clients.”

Clutch’s effort to identify top web design companies is ongoing, and the firm encourages companies to apply to participate in Clutch’s coverage. Upcoming publications will highlight Boston and San Francisco web design companies.

Full research and reviews can be found here:

https://clutch.co/web-designers/washington-dc

https://clutch.co/web-designers/washington-dc/leaders-matrix

About Clutch

A B2B research firm in the heart of Washington, DC, Clutch connects you with the agencies and software solutions that can help you enhance your business and meet your goals. Our methodology maps agencies and software solutions based on consumer reviews, the type of services offered, and quality of work.

Contact

DJ Fajana

202-796-2467

155821@email4pr.com

To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/clutch-recognizes-top-performing-washington-dc-web-design-companies-300442633.html

SOURCE Clutch

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Syberia 3, Adventure Game Now Available In Europe With New Launch Trailer

(Last Updated On: April 20, 2017)

Microids released a new launch trailer for the launch of Syberia 3 in Europe. The game will also be made available next week in North America. The game will be available for PS4, Xbox One and PC. The Nintendo Switch is also getting a version of the game as well.

The launch trailer starts by highlighting how the locals in Syberia managed to find an unconscious Kate Walker. They end up taking her in and she ends up joining them on an adventure to get the snow ostriches back to their sacred land. Along the way they end up getting waylaid by some evil forces and Kate must save herself and her newfound friends from certain danger.

You can check out the launch trailer below.

The game is the first in the series that uses an all new fully 3D game engine. All of the environments and scenarios are entirely rendered in 3D to give gamers a unique new way to interact with the game and the objects. It also opens up new opportunities in puzzle-solving, which was something Microids wanted to explore with the new game.

If you pre-ordered the Collector’s Edition of Syberia 3, there’s a video unboxing the contents. You can check it out below.

The video was recorded in Microids’ native French tongue, so you’ll need to whip on the closed captioning.

The box is fairly large and features a physical copy of the game for PC, PS4 or Xbox One. There’s a physical poster featuring Kate Walker and the game’s logo. There are also two lithographs featuring artwork from the game’s artists, along with an artbook containing sketches, illustrations and renders for all of the different characters, animals, and interior and exterior environments featured in the game.

In addition to all of that, there’s a graphic novel included in the package, which further explains some of the events in the game with some side stories that take place in Syberia 3. The original soundtrack from Inon Zur is also included as a digital download. And last but not least is a resin figurine of Kate Walker standing on a plinth while a dismantled automaton lays at her feet.

You can pick up a digital or physical copy of Syberia 3 right now for PC, PS4 or Xbox One in Europe, or you can grab a copy of the game next week in North America.

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Angelina Jolie gets personal about her late mother

Angelina Jolie’s first beauty campaign in a decade was done in honor of her late mother Marcheline Bertrand.

The 41-year-old actress, who is the face of French beauty brand Mon Guerlain, revealed to Marie Claire that it was actually a favorite of Bertrand’s. The matriarch died in 2007 after a battle with ovarian and breast cancer.

“It was a brand my mother loved, so I knew it from my childhood,” explained the notoriously private actress to the magazine. “It spoke to her, as it does to me, of beauty, history, and quality; one of the oldest perfume houses in the world, from France, a country I love and feel connected to.”

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Interview with Gilles Juan, Director of ICAN

Introduce ICAN in a few words.

ICAN, the establishment of the Réseau des Grandes Écoles Spécialises (GES network), is one of the references in the teaching of digital design. It offers courses of excellence from Bac to Bac + 5, enabling to obtain diplomas recognized by the state level 2 and level 1. At ICAN, throughout their course, the selected students develop their creativity, Their curiosity, and their skills, while acquiring working methods and mastering digital tools. The proposed pedagogy favors exchanges between students, confirmed teachers, professionals, researchers, creators or recognized consultants.

ICAN students also have access to 5 educational laboratories (including a 3D lab & video game lab and a mobile development lab), 300 PCs equipped, 80 digital creative software, and a television production unit. They are also accompanied by the GHG network which has set up more than 2500 partnerships with companies.

➜ See also: Léo, 3D graphic designer, tells us all about his job

What training courses are offered to students who wish to work in the world of graphics and design?

ICAN offers 7 different courses:

The Bachelor Game Design: More than a passion for video games, their creation!

The creation of a video game requires conceptual, artistic and technical skills. The Game Design section of ICAN provides training on the principles and techniques of interactive game design. Opportunities: Game Designer, Game Designer, Level Designer, Game Tester, Community Manager, etc.

The Bachelor 3D Design and Animation: Bringing life to a digital project!

This Bachelor is aimed at all fans of animated films and special effects who dream one day of giving birth to creations in a digital environment. Opportunities: 2D Animator, 3D Animator, Modeler, Illustrator, Graphic Designer, Game Artist, Character Designer, etc.

The Bachelor Web Design and Graphic Communication: Become a Web professional!

This specialization allows you to learn how to create websites, to develop your creative, artistic and computer skills in a particularly dynamic sector to become a web professional. Opportunities: Web Designer, Webmaster, Webdesigner, Web Integrator, Web Architect, Webmaster, etc.

At the end of their third year at ICAN, students are awarded a diploma recognized by the State level 2. They have the possibility of continuing their studies until Bac + 5 by choosing one of the 4 Masters programs offered at the ICAN (Diplomas recognized by the State Level 1):

Game Design Masters

This specialization studies, from the programming angle, the mathematical, logical and algorithmic aspects of 3D Animation, sound techniques, modeling and animation of objects. The languages and techniques covered allow to develop or improve the engines of artificial intelligence, physics (collisions, gravity, explosion), graphic rendering and real-time sound systems to give life to simulated objects and universes .

3D Mastère & Animation Interactive

For the animation, the Illustrator and the Draftsman realize the characters and decors while the Modeler and the Matte Painter will put in volume. The elements will be dressed in materials by the Textureur, set in motion by the Animator and highlighted by the Lighting Designer. Special effects will be added while the Compositing Specialist will harmonize the different sources of images. Of course, the digitization of cartoon production means that 2D Animators have their place in their own right.

Master’s Degree in Management and Digital Entrepreneurship

This channel of ICAN allows to learn to realize web sites delivering a natural and effective navigation experience, and to construct graphic supports. While developing the students’ communication, artistic and technical skills to develop a coherent digital project.

Master User eXperience Design

This Masters course is designed to enable developers to develop effective digital interfaces and interactive experiences with strong identity, whether in the form of a smartphone application, an interactive website or a geolocated device. It is about understanding the psychology of the user and offering the latter innovative and engaging situations, giving pride of place to emotions.

➜ See also: Design trades and training

What are the strengths of ICAN?

There are two major advantages. First of all, ICAN’s training is both very creative and closely linked to the changes in society. We learn to master the latest digital tools, to invent and design the world

Essex mother begs for help for her violent autistic son

A single mother is begging for help for her nine-year-old autistic son who violently attacks her every day before he ends up in prison – or ‘kills someone’.

Caroline Lewis, 50, said her youngest son Paulie has struggled with behavioural problems since ‘before he could speak’.

He has battered her with a cricket bat, lashed out at classmates, and even broke his teacher’s thumb during his uncontrollable daily outbursts.

Caroline Lewis, 50, said her youngest son Paulie has struggled with behavioural problems since ‘before he could speak’

The mother-of-three said his behaviour is so uncontrollable parents at his first school launched a petition to have him expelled.

His most violent outbursts see him threatening to kill his mother and teachers – but often end with the confused boy begging Ms Lewis to end his life.

The desperate mother claims she has begged Essex County Council to get him a place at a specialist boarding school for three years – but is still waiting.

She reached near-breaking point last month when teachers permanently excluded him because they cannot cope – leaving Ms Lewis as a ‘prisoner’ to cope with him alone.

It comes despite him being referred to Children and Adolescent Mental Health Services four times and two police officers asking social services to help.

Ms Lewis is speaking out in a bid to get the council to get him a place at a specialist boarding school – before it’s ‘too late’.

The mother, from Clacton, Essex, said: ‘If he doesn’t warrant help, who does? It sounds terrible to say when, but he’s tomorrow’s psychopath.

‘Psychopaths are without any empathy and are violent and that’s him. He can’t understand other people.

He has battered her with a cricket bat, lashed out at classmates, and even broke his teacher’s thumb during his uncontrollable daily outbursts

‘If he doesn’t get the intensive specialist help he will kill someone, which sounds like a terrible thing for a mum to say, but I’m just being realistic.

‘He’s eight now and I can just cope. When he’s 11 or 12 I’m not sure I will be able to.

‘And when I know that early intervention is the difference between him going down that path and doing something far worse than hitting me, it’s heartbreaking.

‘He has broken his teachers’s thumb and I’m covered in scratches and bruises. He has tried to strangle kids. He has stabbed a kitten and punched a bulldog.

‘If something doesn’t change then 100 per cent know what’s going to happen in the future.

‘It will be Broadmoor. He’ll definitely be locked up.

‘I am afraid when he attacks me. I keep knives and scissors out the way, but he uses anything to hand – coat hangers, football boots, chairs. I am scared.’

Ms Lewis said she knew Paulie was different ‘immediately’ and starting asking for help from health visitors when he was 18 months old.

‘I knew from when he was a baby something was wrong,’ she said.

‘He was such hard work and was hyperactive.

The mother-of-three said his behaviour is so uncontrollable parents at his first school launched a petition to have him expelled

‘Before he could hit, he would pull these faces I had never seen a child make before – pure frustration and anger.’

His first contact with Children & Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) came aged two when he stabbed a kitten with a fork, she said.

He was diagnosed with anxiety and Ms Lewis claims she was told to let him grow out of it, but he continued to exhibit controlling and aggressive behaviour.

‘He tried to control everyone around him – where we sat and what we did – and if you didn’t he would scream,’ she said.

Ms Lewis e said he would ‘suddenly attack’ other children when he was at nursery, but things got worse once he joined school.

He ‘went for’ another child with a pair of scissors prompting the parent to start a petition to have Paulie removed from the school.

‘All the kids were coming out of school with scratches,’ said Ms Lewis .

‘It was every day he was lashing out. They had never known a child be send to the headmaster’s office so many times.

‘Walking across the school playground to pick him up was like the walk of shame.

‘One of the parents put a photo of her child on Facebook with scratches. It was really bad for a little kid of his age.’

CAHMS got involved for a second time when he was aged four and Paulie was diagnosed with autism.

Tests revealed he has ‘average intelligence’ but is in the ‘second percentile’ – the lowest two per cent of all children – for social and emotional awareness, his mum said.

He was given a course of art therapy, and Ms Lewis was given access to a parenting group – but that was it, she claims.

She admits to thinking he would ‘grow out of it’ and his outbursts would lessen, and moved him to a new school.

His most violent outbursts see him threatening to kill his mother and teachers – but often end with the confused boy begging Ms Lewis to end his life

Four years ago Paulie pu